Guaranteed Rate Inc. has agreed to pay the United States $15.06 million to resolve allegations that it violated the False Claims Act and the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA) by knowingly violating material program requirements when it originated and underwrote mortgages insured by the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the Department of Justice announced today. Guaranteed Rate is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with branches across the United States.
“The department works with our partners at Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to protect vital federal lending programs,” said Assistant Attorney General Jody Hunt of the Department of Justice’s Civil Division. “We will continue to protect American taxpayers and homebuyers by holding accountable Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) lenders that knowingly and materially violate program requirements.”
“Lenders participating in mortgage programs backed by taxpayers must follow rules designed to protect both program integrity and homeowners,” said U.S. Attorney Grant C. Jaquith for the Northern District of New York. “Today’s settlement holds Guaranteed Rate accountable for its past violations and reflects that it has strengthened its internal controls to ensure future compliance with Federal Housing Administration and Department of Veterans Affairs requirements.”
Participants in Federal Housing Administration (FHA) insurance and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) guarantee programs, like Guaranteed Rate, have the authority to originate and underwrite mortgage loans without first having the government review the loans for compliance with the agency’s underwriting and origination requirements. If an Federal Housing Administration (FHA) insured or Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) guaranteed loan defaults, the holder of the loan may submit a claim to the United States for certain losses. Lenders are therefore required to follow Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) rules designed to ensure that only mortgages that meet key credit and underwriting criteria are insured or guaranteed by the government.
The settlement announced today resolves allegations that Guaranteed Rate knowingly failed to comply with material program rules that require lenders to maintain quality control programs to prevent and correct underwriting deficiencies, self-report any materially deficient loans that they identify, and ensure that the underwriting process is free from conflicts of interest.
As part of the settlement, Guaranteed Rate admitted that it failed to adhere to the applicable self-reporting requirements, that its Federal Housing Administration (FHA) underwriters received commissions and gifts in violation of program rules, and that there were instances in which its government underwriters were instructed not to review documents that were relevant to the underwriting decision. Guaranteed Rate further acknowledged that it certified and the government insured and guaranteed loans approved by Guaranteed Rate that were not eligible for Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage insurance or Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) loan guarantees and that Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) would not have insured or guaranteed the loans but for its actions.
While the covered conduct stretched back as far as January 2008, Guaranteed Rate took significant measures to stop the practices, both before and after being notified of the United States’ investigation. It received credit for doing so in connection with the settlement.
“This case involved a pattern of serious, systemic and widespread violations under the False Claims Act,” said Rae Oliver Davis, Inspector General, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. “This recovery on behalf of FHA and the American taxpayer should serve as a stark reminder of the potential consequences of not adhering to Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) program rules and to the value of whistleblowers, in pursuing lenders that violate these rules.”
“It is vital that the VA and other federal lending programs are protected and those who violate or circumvent program rules and regulations are held accountable,” said Chris Algieri, Special Agent in Charge, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Office of Inspector General. “Today’s civil settlement reinforces OIG’s commitment to enforcing the VA’s requirements for mortgage underwriting and originations to protect taxpayers and veteran homebuyers.”
The agreement resolves allegations brought by former Guaranteed Rate employee Anthonitte Carranza under the qui tam, or whistleblower, provisions of the False Claims Act, which permit private parties to sue on behalf of the government for false claims and to receive a share of any recovery. The qui tam case is captioned United States ex rel. Anthonitte Carranza v. Guaranteed Rate, Inc., et al., No. 17-cv-637 (N.D.N.Y.). As part of this settlement, Carranza will receive $2,443,000 as her share of the government’s recovery.
The investigation and settlement were the result of a coordinated effort among the Commercial Litigation Branch of the Department of Justice’s Civil Division, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of New York, HUD-OIG, HUD, and VA-OIG.